Indexabilityfinancial40, 42, 143, 162, 179, 228to act42, 71, 75–7, 91, 133, 182, 188, 250to do something200, 205, 251to-pay-principle133to promote162to travel120actioncollective actiondegrees of necessity for73, 86, 93, 101–2evaluative structure of71, 75–6, 103normative structure of70–1, 75–6promotional21, 44–6, 49–50, 52–3, 56, 62–3, 106, 108–10, 114–5, 126, 141, 143–4, 150–1, 154–6, 180, 193–5, 199–201, 201–3, 205, 207, 228, 235, 250–4,promotion or promotional dutiesactivism109, 194, 198adaptation9, 11, 32, 40–4, 62–4, 150, 162, 168–71, 176–80agency16, 165and Gewirth, A.70, 72, 76–7, 79, 80, 91, 113, 118, 121, 126collective129–30group-130–2shared-130–1air travel15, 116–27, 142–3, 154–5, 167, 227–33, 243, 246–7, 251Ashford, E.130–2ATAG117, 124, 229Atmosfair117, 159, 229aviation117–8, 123–5, 229–30, 239, 246, 251and employment124and EU233–5,CORSIAand maritime shipping230, 235, 241and taxes232, 243and tourismair travelcarbon emissions from243reliance on fossil kerosene127Ryanair232avoidabilitycondition138–9, 142–3in the case of climate change142predictability and137–8, 147, 251awareness20, 44, 140and climate change21, 114, 141, 162–3, 183–4, 190–2, 202–3, 184, 252and education204and information asymmetries237political63public108, 114, 141, 204raising63–4, 108, 110, 141, 151, 162, 184, 194, 201–3, 243, 253social110, 114, 194, 201, 251batteries49, 219and hydro power218, 220, 225battery storage219Norway219–20biomass212–3binge flying231blackout117boycott236–7,political consumerismCaney, S.32, 67, 161, 164, 168, 186carbon24, 127, 156, 173,CO2and actions52and aviation117, 229, 231–5, 243and consumption226, 232, 253,consumptionand electricity209, 217, 224and impacts8–11and methane4, 174, 222atmospheric7, 172, 229budget7–8, 159, 161, 226, 229calculator229capture and storage223cumulative7, 14, 172emissions7–8, 14, 16, 108, 110, 116, 134, 158, 161, 166, 172, 199, 206, 223–4, 226–7, 233, 241–2, 244footprint18, 64, 116, 157, 161, 238free209, 226hydrofluorocarbon coolants169label237–8, 242neutrality147, 207–8offsetting117, 159, 223price208regulations194sources of223, 226tax208, 234–5, 243zero-64, 108–9, 205–6, 224cap-and-trade233changesocial108–9, 151, 194, 197, 199, 252structural45, 118, 149–50, 201, 226technological116channel(s)and promotion193–4, 201, 235, 244political63, 141, 193–6, 199–201, 205, 207, 226, 235, 243, 253social63–5, 141, 193–6, 199, 201, 205, 207, 226, 228, 235–6, 242–4, 253children21, 35, 43–4, 62, 64, 94, 153, 163–9, 171–3, 175–92, 203–4, 244–5, 251–2childhood168, 182–4, 190climate changeanthropogenic3–4, 13, 140effects of11, 14impacts of6, 10, 37, 124, 141, 164, 191observed impacts8–9scienceclimate sciencetemperature rise7, 174warming4–11, 37, 111, 140–41, 158–9, 166–7, 169–79, 181–2, 191, 208, 222, 225climateeducation182–4, 186, 188–92, 193, 201, 203–5, 252–3, 256,educationethics19, 60, 63–4, 116, 172, 202, 225policy1, 8, 51, 59, 63, 104, 175, 227, 233, 249, 254–6climate scienceand tipping elements/points6, 9, 14, 167, 170, 172, 174AR53, 6–8, 169, 173, 205GHG4–6, 14, 159, 205, 239,carbon or CO2GMST3–5, 159scientific consensus1, 140, 172SR153, 5–8, 159CO24, 7, 117, 159, 170, 172, 241,carbonbudget229,carbon: budgetemissions8eq (equivalent)158–9, 234collective action17–8, 46–7, 49–50, 52–3, 56, 62–4, 106–10, 249–50, 252and Cripps31–36, 40–2, 43–6and individual costs110–118, 122cost: individualand intention28, 30,Gilbert, M.and weakly collective duties131, 133, 135, 137, 150–2, 156, 162, 167, 179–80, 183, 186–8,duties: weakly collectivecompensation32, 64, 101, 150, 169compliance45–6, 49–50, 148community130, 169, 176, 184–9, 196, 199, 252, 257CORSIA233–4,aviationconsumption64, 81, 142–3, 207, 226–7, 232, 236, 243, 253consistency17, 70, 72, 79–80, 83, 152–6, 186–7, 243Principle of GenericPGCcost13, 32, 110–136, 143, 205–6advantage209and green electricity214–5,electricity: greenand benefits112–7, 123, 125–6and Shue, H.40, 124, 171–2bearable33, 40, 55, 111–2, 118, 124, 149, 156, 172, 179comparable33, 53, 55, 80–1, 87–8, 94, 105–6, 113, 138, 162competitiveness207–9, 214, 224–5economic54–5, 112–3, 122–5, 127, 142, 251effectiveness210–13, 215guidance on21, 110, 112, 103–128, 180, 229, 245, 250individual47, 51–2, 54–7, 110, 127, 139, 149, 155–6, 161, 167, 201, 226, 244–5, 250limitation of105minimal33, 38, 105of action condition40, 53, 105of coordination condition40, 52, 105of limiting air travel123–4of mitigation40, 46, 54, 60, 124–5, 127, 172, 251of promotion115, 126, 251of renewables209of wind power215psychological46–7reasonable21, 53, 55, 68, 110, 127, 142, 179–80, 188, 250significant33, 38, 40, 53, 55, 105, 162substantial55, 127Cripps, E.14–16, 18–21, 23–6, 30, 249–52and costs110–1, 113–5, 118, 120–1, 124–5,costand dutiespromotional duties or duties: weakly collectiveobjections against47–56should-be collectivities39suggested modifications56–63theory31–46vs. Gewirth, A.67–9, 72, 95, 103–9weak collectivitiesweak collectivitydecarbonization64, 109–10, 116, 126, 205, 208, 224–5, 253demandingnesscostdemandingness-objection20, 48, 52, 55–7, 110, 142, 179, 250guidance on21Desertec214–6dominant moral narrative1, 61, 183, 194, 236, 247, 249, 257and communication2–3dutiesdirect43–5, 175, 178, 191, 250individual12, 16, 18–21, 23–30mimicking43, 47, 52, 61, 155, 243–4, 251negative80, 105, 119of the Able40, 53, 193of the Polluters110, 113, 126, 136–162, 193of the Young21, 62, 163–192, 194, 256of young parents62, 181parental62, 163–5, 167, 171–2, 175, 181–2, 186–7, 190positive80–1, 88, 163promotionalpromotional dutiesto oneself81–2, 89, 91weakly collective31, 37–8, 42, 50, 52, 56, 60–3, 68, 103–4, 129–192, 193–4, 250–1Earth Overshoot Day158economy113, 123, 206, 221zero-carbon64education9, 57, 64, 73, 85, 87–8, 95, 99, 121, 182–4, 186, 188–192, 193, 201, 203–5, 207, 252–3, 256,climate: educationeffectiveness1, 29, 31, 45, 49–50, 116, 148–9, 155, 169, 192, 200, 210, 212–3, 215, 234, 245, 249–51, 257efficiency15, 31, 45–6, 118, 191, 210, 218–9, 230, 233–4, 243, 245, 250electricityenergy or powerand grids195, 208, 210, 213–21, 224, 235, 252demand205–6, 211–2, 214, 216, 218, 222fossil206, 213, 222, 224generation206, 209–13, 220–5, 230, 252green1, 219overproduction217prices216storagebatteriessupply205, 209, 213–4, 216–7, 228, 235Emission Gap Report234energyelectricity or powerefficiency233ethics225, 252geothermal211nuclear208–11, 213, 217–8, 221, 224photovoltaic213–4, 219renewable209–11, 215, 217–8, 221solar214, 216–7wind213, 215–7EU/Europe8, 11, 27, 44, 113, 120, 123, 158, 160, 169–70, 173–5, 178, 208, 210–1, 213–9, 230–6, 238, 241ETS233–5Pulse of197–200, 252excusable ignorance138–9Facebook198, 200–2fairness15, 17, 20, 31, 45–6, 132, 245, 250-objection48, 49–51, 54, 56Feinberg, J.13, 83, 156freedomas necessary good72–3, 76–7goods: necessarypersonal155right to67–8, 71, 74, 75–9, 80–1, 92–5, 97, 99, 119, 121–2, 127, 137, 162, 250Fridays for Future204, 256fundamental interest33, 37–8, 41–2, 46, 50, 55, 57–9, 104, 121, 135–6, 139, 169, 177geoengineering223Gewirth, A.19–21, 60, 67–103, 103–8, 110, 112–3, 119, 121–3, 126, 137, 152–3, 155, 200, 226, 245–6, 250direct applications84–93indirect applications94–99Principle of Generic ConsistencyPGCGilbert, M.26–8, 31, 34, 131, 249Global Footprint Network157–8, 161goodsadditive73, 84–5, 87, 89–91, 121, 125basic73, 80, 84–7, 89, 99, 121necessary71–4, 76–7, 80, 82, 84, 92, 104non-subtractive73, 85, 87, 89, 121harmbasic55, 86–7collective2, 12, 23–30, 130, 132, 137, 139, 144–7, 149, 249climate-induced12, 19, 40, 49–50, 107, 137, 139, 150, 171–2, 176, 180, 251, 253specific86–7, 92Helm, D.206–10, 213–4, 219, 222–3, 234Hohl, S.14–7, 21, 25, 36, 51–2, 61, 131–4, 137, 144–9, 245, 251Horton, K.49, 51, 54humanity29–30, 58–60, 122, 158, 172, 176, 179, 185–8IMO238–41,shippingindividualsas collectivities18, 20, 31–66, 106, 200, 249individualdutiesduties: individualresponsibilityresponsibility: individualinfluencer202–3integrity15–7, 59, 85, 191, 245, 251as a virtue150–6bodily32, 57, 83, 86, 104, 118, 121, 125–6, 138intentioncollective26–9, 35, 43, 131, 134–5, 137, 200shared27IPCC3–11, 14, 140, 159, 169, 173–6, 205, 211Jamieson, D.12–6, 23, 34, 43–4, 63justice164climate185–7, 224distributive99energy225global62, 186–7Kant, I.16–7LOSC239, 241Lynas, M.170–1, 174–5, 209, 252May, L.25, 34, 130–1methane4, 159, 174–5, 221–2mimickingduties: mimickingmitigation5, 11, 21, 29, 32, 38, 40, 44, 45–6, 48, 52–5, 57, 60, 62–4, 108–13, 115–8, 120, 122, 124–7, 147–8, 150, 162–4, 166, 168–70, 172, 176–81, 184, 190–1, 195, 199, 203, 205, 211, 221, 223–6, 229–30, 232–3, 242, 244, 250, 251–2, 254–6mutual dependence19, 38–9, 132–6, 147, 250,Cripps: theoryMurphy, L.45, 49–51NESS145–6, 148non-intentionalist model36–7, 132, 135Nussbaum, M.31, 58–60, 67, 72, 182overdetermination14, 144Pantsuit Nation198–200, 252parents21, 47, 62, 64, 129, 153, 163–80, 181–92Parfit, D.13, 36, 164Paris Agreement1, 6, 63, 141, 204, 223, 241, 254Patt, A.206–8, 213–5, 218–9, 221–2, 224, 227, 235PGC68–72, 79–84, 86–95, 97–107, 111, 115, 117, 118, 122, 125–6, 137, 153, 250Gewirth, A.political consumerism149, 236, 242, 253Pollutersweak collectivity: Polluterspotential collectivities38–9, 48powerenergy or electricityfossil207, 209, 217plants208–12, 215, 217, 219–20renewable208, 217, 219solar212–4-to-X220–1, 225wind213, 215–7, 219–20, 224predictability21, 41, 61, 137–41, 144, 147, 195, 251principlelogical principle of universalizability72, 77of beneficence32–3, 38–40, 48, 50, 53, 57, 104–6, 133, 187of degrees of necessity for action73of Generic ConsistencyPGCof moralized collective self-interest38, 105, 133promotiondutiespromotional dutiespromotional actionactionprimacy of18, 31, 43–6, 149, 186–7, 191, 250–1via two channels194, 195–200channel(s)promotional duties18, 20–1, 60–5, 68, 134, 137, 149–50, 161–2,promotion or action: promotionaland channelschannel(s)and costscost: of promotionand Cripps31, 43–46and rights103–9objections47–56of the Able205–225of the Polluters226–248of the Young201–4vs. mimicking150–6,duties: mimickingrationality70, 74–5, 103regulations18, 97, 107–10, 194–5, 226–8, 235–9, 240–2, 253responsibilityindividual11, 19, 23, 30–1, 41, 130, 132, 144, 249moral12, 130, 134, 144–5, 147–8shared131–2weakly collectiveweakly collective responsibilityright(s)basic68–8conflicting20, 57, 68–9, 73, 86, 100claim26, 68, 72, 74, 76–8generic79–80, 87, 101–2, 106–7, 111–7, 119, 121–3, 125–7, 142–4, 164, 166–7hierarchy of60, 68, 86, 104, 250infringement of114, 123interference with73, 77, 81, 87, 92–3, 97, 101, 106, 119, 121, 137, 162, 247prudential77to freedomfreedom: right toto well-beingwell-being: right toto assistance80, 88, 94violation of112, 119Sen, A.31, 58, 72shipping169, 230–42, 253Shue, H.7, 40, 54, 124, 164, 167–8, 171–2, 175, 177, 180, 224, 252Sinnott-Armstrong, W.12–8, 23–9, 106, 151–5, 186sorites paradox13Steigleder, K.7, 19, 69–72, 74–9, 80, 83–4, 88–93, 96, 100, 164, 223–5, 252teachers183–4, 204for Future256The Ableweak collectivities: The AbleThe Youngweak collectivities: The Youngthreshold51, 59, 166and climate change6, 12, 24, 170–2, 174climate scienceand harm14and Polluter21, 60, 113, 120, 137, 145, 156–62, 226, 251tourism117–24, 227–30air traveltransport1, 46, 118, 124, 141–3, 161, 174, 195, 209, 213, 219–25, 229–32, 234, 238–40, 242,aviation or shippingUNFCCC5–6, 204, 254–7virtue15, 71, 78–82, 89–91, 109–10, 153, 164–9, 180, 183–91weakly collective dutiesduties: weakly collectiveweakly collective responsibility21, 41–2, 131–4, 250–1and contribution144–9concept137–44weak collectivity19–20, 24, 31, 105–7, 125, 127, 194, 196, 200, 249–51concept37–42defense129–135The Able40, 162–3The Young37–9, 163–92The Polluters40–2, 156–62, 226well-being55–60, 104, 106, 107, 115, 118, 119, 121, 122, 123, 125, 126, 137, 153, 155, 162, 249–50and climate change1–10,climate changeand Gewirth, A.67–8, 71–4, 76–9, 80–1, 82–3, 84–9, 91–3, 94–9, 100–2,goods: necessaryright to88, 92–3, 97, 99–100, 103, 113, 127

Climate Change and Individual Moral Duties

A Plea for the Promotion of a Collective Solution