Index

ability
financial 40, 42, 143, 162, 179, 228
to act 42, 71, 75–7, 91, 133, 182, 188, 250
to do something 200, 205, 251
to-pay-principle 133
to promote 162
to travel 120
actioncollective action
degrees of necessity for 73, 86, 93, 101–2
evaluative structure of 71, 75–6, 103
normative structure of 70–1, 75–6
promotional 21, 44–6, 49–50, 52–3, 56, 62–3, 106, 108–10, 114–5, 126, 141, 143–4, 150–1, 154–6, 180, 193–5, 199–201, 201–3, 205, 207, 228, 235, 250–4, promotion or promotional duties
activism 109, 194, 198
adaptation 9, 11, 32, 40–4, 62–4, 150, 162, 168–71, 176–80
agency 16, 165
and Gewirth, A. 70, 72, 76–7, 79, 80, 91, 113, 118, 121, 126
collective 129–30
group- 130–2
shared- 130–1
air travel 15, 116–27, 142–3, 154–5, 167, 227–33, 243, 246–7, 251
Ashford, E. 130–2
ATAG 117, 124, 229
Atmosfair 117, 159, 229
aviation 117–8, 123–5, 229–30, 239, 246, 251
and employment 124
and EU 233–5, CORSIA
and maritime shipping 230, 235, 241
and taxes 232, 243
and tourismair travel
carbon emissions from 243
reliance on fossil kerosene 127
Ryanair 232
avoidability
condition 138–9, 142–3
in the case of climate change 142
predictability and 137–8, 147, 251
awareness 20, 44, 140
and climate change 21, 114, 141, 162–3, 183–4, 190–2, 202–3, 184, 252
and education 204
and information asymmetries 237
political 63
public 108, 114, 141, 204
raising 63–4, 108, 110, 141, 151, 162, 184, 194, 201–3, 243, 253
social 110, 114, 194, 201, 251
batteries 49, 219
and hydro power 218, 220, 225
battery storage 219
Norway 219–20
biomass 212–3
binge flying 231
blackout 117
boycott 236–7, political consumerism
Caney, S. 32, 67, 161, 164, 168, 186
carbon 24, 127, 156, 173, CO2
and actions 52
and aviation 117, 229, 231–5, 243
and consumption 226, 232, 253, consumption
and electricity 209, 217, 224
and impacts 8–11
and methane 4, 174, 222
atmospheric 7, 172, 229
budget 7–8, 159, 161, 226, 229
calculator 229
capture and storage 223
cumulative 7, 14, 172
emissions 7–8, 14, 16, 108, 110, 116, 134, 158, 161, 166, 172, 199, 206, 223–4, 226–7, 233, 241–2, 244
footprint 18, 64, 116, 157, 161, 238
free 209, 226
hydrofluorocarbon coolants 169
label 237–8, 242
neutrality 147, 207–8
offsetting 117, 159, 223
price 208
regulations 194
sources of 223, 226
tax 208, 234–5, 243
zero- 64, 108–9, 205–6, 224
cap-and-trade 233
change
social 108–9, 151, 194, 197, 199, 252
structural 45, 118, 149–50, 201, 226
technological 116
channel(s)
and promotion 193–4, 201, 235, 244
political 63, 141, 193–6, 199–201, 205, 207, 226, 235, 243, 253
social 63–5, 141, 193–6, 199, 201, 205, 207, 226, 228, 235–6, 242–4, 253
children 21, 35, 43–4, 62, 64, 94, 153, 163–9, 171–3, 175–92, 203–4, 244–5, 251–2
childhood 168, 182–4, 190
climate change
anthropogenic 3–4, 13, 140
effects of 11, 14
impacts of 6, 10, 37, 124, 141, 164, 191
observed impacts 8–9
scienceclimate science
temperature rise 7, 174
warming 4–11, 37, 111, 140–41, 158–9, 166–7, 169–79, 181–2, 191, 208, 222, 225
climate
education 182–4, 186, 188–92, 193, 201, 203–5, 252–3, 256, education
ethics 19, 60, 63–4, 116, 172, 202, 225
policy 1, 8, 51, 59, 63, 104, 175, 227, 233, 249, 254–6
climate science
and tipping elements/points 6, 9, 14, 167, 170, 172, 174
AR5 3, 6–8, 169, 173, 205
GHG 4–6, 14, 159, 205, 239, carbon or CO2
GMST 3–5, 159
scientific consensus 1, 140, 172
SR15 3, 5–8, 159
CO2 4, 7, 117, 159, 170, 172, 241, carbon
budget 229, carbon: budget
emissions 8
eq (equivalent) 158–9, 234
collective action 17–8, 46–7, 49–50, 52–3, 56, 62–4, 106–10, 249–50, 252
and Cripps 31–36, 40–2, 43–6
and individual costs 110–118, 122 cost: individual
and intention 28, 30, Gilbert, M.
and weakly collective duties 131, 133, 135, 137, 150–2, 156, 162, 167, 179–80, 183, 186–8, duties: weakly collective
compensation 32, 64, 101, 150, 169
compliance 45–6, 49–50, 148
community 130, 169, 176, 184–9, 196, 199, 252, 257
CORSIA 233–4, aviation
consumption 64, 81, 142–3, 207, 226–7, 232, 236, 243, 253
consistency 17, 70, 72, 79–80, 83, 152–6, 186–7, 243
Principle of GenericPGC
cost 13, 32, 110–136, 143, 205–6
advantage 209
and green electricity 214–5, electricity: green
and benefits 112–7, 123, 125–6
and Shue, H. 40, 124, 171–2
bearable 33, 40, 55, 111–2, 118, 124, 149, 156, 172, 179
comparable 33, 53, 55, 80–1, 87–8, 94, 105–6, 113, 138, 162
competitiveness 207–9, 214, 224–5
economic 54–5, 112–3, 122–5, 127, 142, 251
effectiveness 210–13, 215
guidance on 21, 110, 112, 103–128, 180, 229, 245, 250
individual 47, 51–2, 54–7, 110, 127, 139, 149, 155–6, 161, 167, 201, 226, 244–5, 250
limitation of 105
minimal 33, 38, 105
of action condition 40, 53, 105
of coordination condition 40, 52, 105
of limiting air travel 123–4
of mitigation 40, 46, 54, 60, 124–5, 127, 172, 251
of promotion 115, 126, 251
of renewables 209
of wind power 215
psychological 46–7
reasonable 21, 53, 55, 68, 110, 127, 142, 179–80, 188, 250
significant 33, 38, 40, 53, 55, 105, 162
substantial 55, 127
Cripps, E. 14–16, 18–21, 23–6, 30, 249–52
and costs 110–1, 113–5, 118, 120–1, 124–5, cost
and dutiespromotional duties or duties: weakly collective
objections against 47–56
should-be collectivities 39
suggested modifications 56–63
theory 31–46
vs. Gewirth, A. 67–9, 72, 95, 103–9
weak collectivitiesweak collectivity
decarbonization 64, 109–10, 116, 126, 205, 208, 224–5, 253
demandingnesscost
demandingness-objection 20, 48, 52, 55–7, 110, 142, 179, 250
guidance on 21
Desertec 214–6
dominant moral narrative 1, 61, 183, 194, 236, 247, 249, 257
and communication 2–3
duties
direct 43–5, 175, 178, 191, 250
individual 12, 16, 18–21, 23–30
mimicking 43, 47, 52, 61, 155, 243–4, 251
negative 80, 105, 119
of the Able 40, 53, 193
of the Polluters 110, 113, 126, 136–162, 193
of the Young 21, 62, 163–192, 194, 256
of young parents 62, 181
parental 62, 163–5, 167, 171–2, 175, 181–2, 186–7, 190
positive 80–1, 88, 163
promotionalpromotional duties
to oneself 81–2, 89, 91
weakly collective 31, 37–8, 42, 50, 52, 56, 60–3, 68, 103–4, 129–192, 193–4, 250–1
Earth Overshoot Day 158
economy 113, 123, 206, 221
zero-carbon 64
education 9, 57, 64, 73, 85, 87–8, 95, 99, 121, 182–4, 186, 188–192, 193, 201, 203–5, 207, 252–3, 256, climate: education
effectiveness 1, 29, 31, 45, 49–50, 116, 148–9, 155, 169, 192, 200, 210, 212–3, 215, 234, 245, 249–51, 257
efficiency 15, 31, 45–6, 118, 191, 210, 218–9, 230, 233–4, 243, 245, 250
electricityenergy or power
and grids 195, 208, 210, 213–21, 224, 235, 252
demand 205–6, 211–2, 214, 216, 218, 222
fossil 206, 213, 222, 224
generation 206, 209–13, 220–5, 230, 252
green 1, 219
overproduction 217
prices 216
storagebatteries
supply 205, 209, 213–4, 216–7, 228, 235
Emission Gap Report 234
energyelectricity or power
efficiency 233
ethics 225, 252
geothermal 211
nuclear 208–11, 213, 217–8, 221, 224
photovoltaic 213–4, 219
renewable 209–11, 215, 217–8, 221
solar 214, 216–7
wind 213, 215–7
EU/Europe 8, 11, 27, 44, 113, 120, 123, 158, 160, 169–70, 173–5, 178, 208, 210–1, 213–9, 230–6, 238, 241
ETS 233–5
Pulse of 197–200, 252
excusable ignorance 138–9
Facebook 198, 200–2
fairness 15, 17, 20, 31, 45–6, 132, 245, 250
-objection 48, 49–51, 54, 56
Feinberg, J. 13, 83, 156
freedom
as necessary good 72–3, 76–7 goods: necessary
personal 155
right to 67–8, 71, 74, 75–9, 80–1, 92–5, 97, 99, 119, 121–2, 127, 137, 162, 250
Fridays for Future 204, 256
fundamental interest 33, 37–8, 41–2, 46, 50, 55, 57–9, 104, 121, 135–6, 139, 169, 177
geoengineering 223
Gewirth, A. 19–21, 60, 67–103, 103–8, 110, 112–3, 119, 121–3, 126, 137, 152–3, 155, 200, 226, 245–6, 250
direct applications 84–93
indirect applications 94–99
Principle of Generic ConsistencyPGC
Gilbert, M. 26–8, 31, 34, 131, 249
Global Footprint Network 157–8, 161
goods
additive 73, 84–5, 87, 89–91, 121, 125
basic 73, 80, 84–7, 89, 99, 121
necessary 71–4, 76–7, 80, 82, 84, 92, 104
non-subtractive 73, 85, 87, 89, 121
harm
basic 55, 86–7
collective 2, 12, 23–30, 130, 132, 137, 139, 144–7, 149, 249
climate-induced 12, 19, 40, 49–50, 107, 137, 139, 150, 171–2, 176, 180, 251, 253
specific 86–7, 92
Helm, D. 206–10, 213–4, 219, 222–3, 234
Hohl, S. 14–7, 21, 25, 36, 51–2, 61, 131–4, 137, 144–9, 245, 251
Horton, K. 49, 51, 54
humanity 29–30, 58–60, 122, 158, 172, 176, 179, 185–8
IMO 238–41, shipping
individuals
as collectivities 18, 20, 31–66, 106, 200, 249
individual
dutiesduties: individual
responsibilityresponsibility: individual
influencer 202–3
integrity 15–7, 59, 85, 191, 245, 251
as a virtue 150–6
bodily 32, 57, 83, 86, 104, 118, 121, 125–6, 138
intention
collective 26–9, 35, 43, 131, 134–5, 137, 200
shared 27
IPCC 3–11, 14, 140, 159, 169, 173–6, 205, 211
Jamieson, D. 12–6, 23, 34, 43–4, 63
justice 164
climate 185–7, 224
distributive 99
energy 225
global 62, 186–7
Kant, I. 16–7
LOSC 239, 241
Lynas, M. 170–1, 174–5, 209, 252
May, L. 25, 34, 130–1
methane 4, 159, 174–5, 221–2
mimickingduties: mimicking
mitigation 5, 11, 21, 29, 32, 38, 40, 44, 45–6, 48, 52–5, 57, 60, 62–4, 108–13, 115–8, 120, 122, 124–7, 147–8, 150, 162–4, 166, 168–70, 172, 176–81, 184, 190–1, 195, 199, 203, 205, 211, 221, 223–6, 229–30, 232–3, 242, 244, 250, 251–2, 254–6
mutual dependence 19, 38–9, 132–6, 147, 250, Cripps: theory
Murphy, L. 45, 49–51
NESS 145–6, 148
non-intentionalist model 36–7, 132, 135
Nussbaum, M. 31, 58–60, 67, 72, 182
overdetermination 14, 144
Pantsuit Nation 198–200, 252
parents 21, 47, 62, 64, 129, 153, 163–80, 181–92
Parfit, D. 13, 36, 164
Paris Agreement 1, 6, 63, 141, 204, 223, 241, 254
Patt, A. 206–8, 213–5, 218–9, 221–2, 224, 227, 235
PGC 68–72, 79–84, 86–95, 97–107, 111, 115, 117, 118, 122, 125–6, 137, 153, 250 Gewirth, A.
political consumerism 149, 236, 242, 253
Pollutersweak collectivity: Polluters
potential collectivities 38–9, 48
powerenergy or electricity
fossil 207, 209, 217
plants 208–12, 215, 217, 219–20
renewable 208, 217, 219
solar 212–4
-to-X 220–1, 225
wind 213, 215–7, 219–20, 224
predictability 21, 41, 61, 137–41, 144, 147, 195, 251
principle
logical principle of universalizability 72, 77
of beneficence 32–3, 38–40, 48, 50, 53, 57, 104–6, 133, 187
of degrees of necessity for action 73
of Generic ConsistencyPGC
of moralized collective self-interest 38, 105, 133
promotion
dutiespromotional duties
promotional actionaction
primacy of 18, 31, 43–6, 149, 186–7, 191, 250–1
via two channels 194, 195–200 channel(s)
promotional duties 18, 20–1, 60–5, 68, 134, 137, 149–50, 161–2, promotion or action: promotional
and channelschannel(s)
and costscost: of promotion
and Cripps 31, 43–46
and rights 103–9
objections 47–56
of the Able 205–225
of the Polluters 226–248
of the Young 201–4
vs. mimicking 150–6, duties: mimicking
rationality 70, 74–5, 103
regulations 18, 97, 107–10, 194–5, 226–8, 235–9, 240–2, 253
responsibility
individual 11, 19, 23, 30–1, 41, 130, 132, 144, 249
moral 12, 130, 134, 144–5, 147–8
shared 131–2
weakly collectiveweakly collective responsibility
right(s)
basic 68–8
conflicting 20, 57, 68–9, 73, 86, 100
claim 26, 68, 72, 74, 76–8
generic 79–80, 87, 101–2, 106–7, 111–7, 119, 121–3, 125–7, 142–4, 164, 166–7
hierarchy of 60, 68, 86, 104, 250
infringement of 114, 123
interference with 73, 77, 81, 87, 92–3, 97, 101, 106, 119, 121, 137, 162, 247
prudential 77
to freedomfreedom: right to
to well-beingwell-being: right to
to assistance 80, 88, 94
violation of 112, 119
Sen, A. 31, 58, 72
shipping 169, 230–42, 253
Shue, H. 7, 40, 54, 124, 164, 167–8, 171–2, 175, 177, 180, 224, 252
Sinnott-Armstrong, W. 12–8, 23–9, 106, 151–5, 186
sorites paradox 13
Steigleder, K. 7, 19, 69–72, 74–9, 80, 83–4, 88–93, 96, 100, 164, 223–5, 252
teachers 183–4, 204
for Future 256
The Ableweak collectivities: The Able
The Youngweak collectivities: The Young
threshold 51, 59, 166
and climate change 6, 12, 24, 170–2, 174 climate science
and harm 14
and Polluter 21, 60, 113, 120, 137, 145, 156–62, 226, 251
tourism 117–24, 227–30 air travel
transport 1, 46, 118, 124, 141–3, 161, 174, 195, 209, 213, 219–25, 229–32, 234, 238–40, 242, aviation or shipping
UNFCCC 5–6, 204, 254–7
virtue 15, 71, 78–82, 89–91, 109–10, 153, 164–9, 180, 183–91
weakly collective dutiesduties: weakly collective
weakly collective responsibility 21, 41–2, 131–4, 250–1
and contribution 144–9
concept 137–44
weak collectivity 19–20, 24, 31, 105–7, 125, 127, 194, 196, 200, 249–51
concept 37–42
defense 129–135
The Able 40, 162–3
The Young 37–9, 163–92
The Polluters 40–2, 156–62, 226
well-being 55–60, 104, 106, 107, 115, 118, 119, 121, 122, 123, 125, 126, 137, 153, 155, 162, 249–50
and climate change 1–10, climate change
and Gewirth, A. 67–8, 71–4, 76–9, 80–1, 82–3, 84–9, 91–3, 94–9, 100–2, goods: necessary
right to 88, 92–3, 97, 99–100, 103, 113, 127

Climate Change and Individual Moral Duties

A Plea for the Promotion of a Collective Solution