Discussion of artificial intelligence (AI) is pervasive in current academia. However, it seems that from a philosophical point of view one of the most interesting questions is whether artificial intelligence could entail the existence of a conscious entity. In this paper, the first part provides a definition of artificial intelligence and distinguishes between instrumental artificial intelligence and artificial general intelligence (AGI). The second part analyses our motives for constructing AGI in addition to instrumental AI. The third part deals with arguments for and against the possibility of constructing AGI. The final part provides an argument for the conclusion that a being with AGI could indeed be conscious, and therefore should be considered ethically as an end-in-itself.