Theological research has sought to conceptualise AI as an image of humankind in accordance with the biblical idea that the latter was created by God in God’s image. This article argues, however, that AI is more adequately understood as a dangerous servant in the process of dividing human society into those who benefit from it and those who suffer the consequences. But we can envision a possible alternative in the spirit of the biblical creation narrative: AI may fulfil technology by assuming a human face and becoming humankind’s double in an epistemic partnership.
This book discusses major issues of the current AI debate from the perspectives of philosophy, theology, and the social sciences: Can AI have a consciousness? Is superintelligence possible and probable? How does AI change individual and social life? Can there be artificial persons? What influence does AI have on religious worldviews? In Western societies, we are surrounded by artificially intelligent systems. Most of these systems are embedded in online platforms. But embodiments of AI, be it by voice or by actual physical embodiment, give artificially intelligent systems another dimension in terms of their impact on how we perceive these systems, how they shape our communication with them and with fellow humans and how we live and work together. AI in any form gives a new twist to the big questions that humanity has concerned herself with for centuries: What is consciousness? How should we treat each other - what is right and what is wrong? How do our creations change the world we are living in? Which challenges do we have to face in the future?