‘Having a mind’ is construed as having a variety of mental capacities such as perceiving, memorizing, learning, or reasoning. In cognitive science, these capacities are studied from an integrative trans-disciplinary perspective that combines anthropology, artificial intelligence, computational linguistics, neuroscience, philosophy and psychology. To approach mental phenomena by combining philosophical insights with those from the natural sciences is part of the Aristotelian tradition. Accordingly, the paper also portrays the most salient models of mental processing – the computer model, connectionism and situated cognition. Eventually, an example of an artificial agent – Affective AutoTutor – is introduced that exhibits striking cognitive capacities, but still seems to lack what is expected from someone who ‘has a mind’.
Der in der jüngsten Debatte um das Leib-Seele-Problem wieder aufgegriffene Emergenz begriff findet in diesem Buch eine umfassende historisch-systematische Darstellung, die im deutschsprachigen Bereich und auch darüber hinaus ihresgleichen sucht. An diesem Werk wird niemand, der in der Philosophie des Geistes arbeitet, vorbeigehen können. (Godehard Brüntrup, Grazer Philosophische Studien) Stephan provides both an invaluable overview of the emergence debate and a clear-eyed analysis of its problems and prospects. He has set the standard by which all future work on this important topic will be judged. (John Symons, University of Texas at El Paso) Stephan presents a comprehensive, well-organized, well-informed and up to date overview of the development and the varieties of emergentism […]. Since it is written in an extremely clear and accessible style, it is not only a valueable source for experts in philosophy of mind, but also a fine introduction for advanced students. (Ralph Schumacher, European Journal of Philosophy )