The successes of self-learning AI systems lead to highly speculative but very influential theories involving the concept of superintelligence. The following text will illustrate what is meant by the concept of superintelligence, which prerequisites and conditions are connected with it and to what extent these are realizable. On this basis, it will be critically reflected to what extent such an understanding of artificial intelligence challenges our human self-conception and whether the dangers in the use of AI predicted by advocates of the super-intelligence hypothesis are actually the most pressing questions in dealing with this versatile and promising technology.
This book discusses major issues of the current AI debate from the perspectives of philosophy, theology, and the social sciences: Can AI have a consciousness? Is superintelligence possible and probable? How does AI change individual and social life? Can there be artificial persons? What influence does AI have on religious worldviews? In Western societies, we are surrounded by artificially intelligent systems. Most of these systems are embedded in online platforms. But embodiments of AI, be it by voice or by actual physical embodiment, give artificially intelligent systems another dimension in terms of their impact on how we perceive these systems, how they shape our communication with them and with fellow humans and how we live and work together. AI in any form gives a new twist to the big questions that humanity has concerned herself with for centuries: What is consciousness? How should we treat each other - what is right and what is wrong? How do our creations change the world we are living in? Which challenges do we have to face in the future?