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decisive factor for an act to be morally permissible is that individuals act on a maxim that may be universalized without contradiction. Analogous to Kant’s testing of the maxim ‘make false promises’, Casey Rentmeester (2010), for example, tests the maxim ‘commute to work’ and finds that if everyone

In: Climate Change and Individual Moral Duties

no objective reason for sacrificing the dog, i.e. acknowledging that we are indeed biased in choosing the dog, but simultaneously argue that we have a moral duty to do so, anyway. This does not need to be a contradiction if moral reasons are allowed to be derived from two different sources. Most of

In: Planning for the Future

loudly. Yet, they can be expressed linguistically as implicit judgements (Gewirth, 1978, pp. 42–43). The prospective agent must make these judgements as a “rational agent” (Gewirth, 1978, p. 46). Rational in the “minimal deductive” sense “involving consistency or the avoidance of self-contradiction in

In: Climate Change and Individual Moral Duties

. 43 Weder die Gültigkeit des Tertium non datur noch des aristotelischen Satzes vom verbotenen Widerspruch werden allgemein akzeptiert; vgl.: G. Priest – What is so bad about contradictions?, in: Journal of Philosophy 1995 (1998), S. 410-426; Ders. – In contradiction. A Study of the Transconsistent

In: Die praktische Notwendigkeit des Guten

conclusion is to incur self-contradiction. But the premises need not themselves be necessarily true.« 418 Da zudem eine rein formale Schlüssigkeit nicht ausreiche, müsse ein überzeugendes Argument auch eine notwendige materiale Komponente besitzen – diese notwendige materiale Komponente wäre nun aber nichts

In: Die praktische Notwendigkeit des Guten

conclude a limited case for mimicking action instead of mimicking duties . Having presented Gewirth’s rights-based approach as an alternative justification, I rely on an approach that is built around the avoidance of self-contradiction. Against this background, integrity, as consistency from the

In: Climate Change and Individual Moral Duties

Maximen im Hinblick auf genuin praktische Widersprüchlichkeit (»practical contradiction interpretation«). 271 Ein praktischer Widerspruch im Rahmen des Maximentests impliziert die Negation einer konkreten praktischen Sinnbedingung der Maxime: Um z.B. Kants Maxime des falschen Versprechens nach der

In: Die praktische Notwendigkeit des Guten