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Author: Justin Vlasits

1 Introduction The Pyrrhonian skeptics occupy a paradoxical place in the history of “philosophical inquiry”. On the one hand, they are the only school that self-consciously defined themselves as inquirers, this being, of course, the root meaning of skeptikos . 1 Moreover, they developed

In: History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis
Author: R.J. Hankinson

with differences—or so at least I believe, and intend to show. 2 The Starting-Point of Scepticism Sceptics start out their inquiries with the same motivations as everyone else. They are puzzled by “the inconcinnity in things” ( ē tōn pragmatōn anōmalia ), and seek to resolve these

In: History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis
Author: Vasilis Politis

1 Introduction What is the relation, in Plato, between the account of knowledge and the account of inquiry? Is the account of knowledge independent of the account of inquiry? Taking up this question is a large task, not least because, while so much work has been done on Plato’s account of

In: History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis
Author: Keith Begley

early thinkers addressed epistemic questions but never conceptualized them as, therefore failed to thematize them into, a distinct subject of enquiry. […] there is no Presocratic instance of critical appraisal of an argument or a theory, or of a self-criticism. [….] But, even if we admit that the early

In: History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis

1 The Importance of Inquiry for Understanding (Ancient) Philosophy At least since Socrates, philosophy has been understood as the desire for acquiring a special kind of knowledge, namely wisdom, a kind of knowledge that human beings ordinarily do not possess. According to ancient thinkers

In: History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis
Author: Asher Jiang

wichtiges Beispiel dazu. In Kapitel 4 in Enquiry , wo Hume für seine berühmte skeptische These argumentiert, der zufolge die Zuverlässigkeit unserer induktiven Schlüsse sich nicht rational rechtfertigen lässt, räumt er explizit ein, dass jene Kraft, mit deren Hilfe ein Objekt (genauer: ein Ereignis, in dem

In: Vom Phänomenalen zum Gedanklichen
Author: Asher Jiang

komplexen Idee aufzuzählen. Im siebten Kapitel von Humes Enquiry findet sich eine sehr ähnliche Formulierung: »Complex ideas may, perhaps, be well known by definition, which is nothing but an enumeration of those parts or simple ideas, that compose them«. 20 Die Ähnlichkeit zwischen den beiden Zitaten

In: Vom Phänomenalen zum Gedanklichen
Author: Asher Jiang

begrifflichen Denkens mit dem Aufbringen von Ideen findet sich in einer Fußnote in Enquiry , wo Hume sich über die unübersichtliche Mehrdeutigkeit des Terms »idea« bei Locke beschwert. Aus dem Zitat geht nämlich deutlich hervor, dass Hume gedachte Gedanken (»thoughts«) und Perzeptionen (»perceptions

In: Vom Phänomenalen zum Gedanklichen
Author: David J. Gunkel

question unthinkable? And what does it mean when inquiry is dismissed, avoided, or marginalized by this kind of declaration? Second, I want to look at and analyze the form of the question itself. There is an important philosophical difference between the two modal verbs that organize the inquiry – “can

In: Artificial Intelligence
Author: Philip Goff

work, I expressed the datum of consciousness as a constraint on metaphysical enquiry, something I called ›the consciousness constraint.‹ Roughly this is the constraint on the metaphysician to account for consciousness in her overall theory of reality. The metaphysical implications of logic can

In: Panentheism and Panpsychism