objective dependencies, because transcendent reality exists independently of the epistemic perspectives of cognitive beings. Aristotle distinguished between what is prior to us and what is prior by nature. 13 An epistemic primacy only concerns what is prior to us, not what is prior by nature. The
the preface to the second edition of The Critique of Pure Reason that logic since Aristotle has not needed to take a step back, but that it also has not been able to advance a step, and therefore seems to all appearance to be finished and complete. But logic has made great advances since Frege
does it based on drives. Only in exceptional cases (such as sexual offenders) does it become dubious whether it was a free act. Generally speaking, drives do not lead to the complete exclusion of alternatives.
A special problem already discussed in Aristotle is that of the weakness of the will. A