Without joint action, man’s cultural, scientific and everyday achievements would be unthinkable. What special cognitive abilities make it possible for this to happen so often and in so many ways? Dancing, waging war, building a castle together in the sandbox - joint action is a central component of everyday life and the success of mankind. This ability is based on special socio-cognitive abilities, the scope and interplay of which characterize the human species. Literature often focuses on the large and complex forms of joint action.
This book represents an attempt to present a philosophical reconstruction of joint action through an interdisciplinary investigation of small forms with few actors. This is suitable for explaining the behavior of children and adults, as well as for taking into account empirical results from related disciplines, especially developmental psychology.
are not (sufficiently) investigated and characterized. However, the ideas surveyed in this section continue to influence several contemporary philosophers working on collective intentionality. A particularly thorough investigation of these examples from early sociology can be found in the writings of
The goal of this dissertation was to give an outline of an account of joint action that is accessible for young children and, at the same time, suited to account the proposal that participation in episodes of joint action fosters socio-cognitive development in children. My investigation began
Until now, the analysis presented in this thesis has shown rather negative results when it comes to theoretical frameworks of acting together. The starting point for the investigation at hand were those theories that suggest that the development of socio-cognitive abilities is fostered by
-cognitive development thesis) suggests that children’s joint action plays such an important role in cognitive development, it is vital to get a grasp on the nature of these early episodes of acting together. In a second step, I will investigate whether Bratman’s account of shared intention is suited to account for
Recently, there have been several attempts to determine the onset of common ground in childhood in several experimental designs. Tomasello and Haberl (2003) investigated whether toddlers could interpret an adult’s ambiguous request based on prior events. In their study, the researchers
those cases that are investigated in order to understand socio-cognitive development. Bratman’s shared intention, so he argues, is overly sophisticated, as these cases do not involve structuring bargaining and coordinating planning.
In a second step, Butterfill presents potential states that could
such as language development and cultural creation. Secondly, the thesis fits well into many accounts of (socio-) cognitive development in psychology and adds a new layer to its explanation. Hence, it seems worthwhile to consider this proposal and investigate its philosophical underpinnings.
reduced to individual agents. There is an ongoing discussion about the ontological and conceptual status of group agents and group minds. While this surely is a worthwhile discourse, a thorough investigation of this matter goes beyond the scope of this thesis. 10 Nevertheless, Tuomela’s reasoning when it