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Author: Johanna Wagner

Margaret Boden gibt am Anfang ihres Buches AI. Its nature and future folgende Definition von künstlicher Intelligenz: »Artificial Intelligence (AI) seeks to make computers do the sort of things that minds can do« (Boden 2016, S. 1). Künstliche Intelligenz sei also der Versuch, einen Computer

In: Künstliche Intelligenzen als moralisch verantwortliche Akteure?

my definition, they leave questions of harm done to the dying untouched. 3 One could say that one particular death becomes more tragic , the more it is mourned or the more third-party interests are violated by it, but it does not automatically contribute to its harmfulness. What I am interested

In: Planning for the Future
Author: Héctor Wittwer

In diesem Kapitel werden die Vorbereitungen der ethischen Beschäftigung mit dem Suizid fortgesetzt und abgeschlossen. Zunächst wird eine Definition des Suizids benötigt, damit der Untersuchungsgegenstand von ähnlichen Phänomenen abgegrenzt werden kann. Außerdem muss geprüft werden, ob die

In: Das Leben beenden

the subject to re- or pre-live certain emotions or needs related to the scenario. In his later writings, Tulving changed his initial definition of episodic memory in that it now was said to include a specific kind of consciousness, which he termed autonoetic (self-knowing) consciousness (Tulving

In: Planning for the Future

, albeit in very different interpretations, due to Williams’ own rather vague definition. It has been subjected to a number of criticisms, consequently (Bradley and McDaniel 2013; Bradley 2015). 10 McMahan argues that a categorical desire provides a reason for continuing to live to ensure its

In: Planning for the Future
Author: Roland Hesse

. 2.6 Consequentialism and Non-Consequentialism Many textbook definitions identify the core idea of consequentialism as the idea that the moral status of an action depends solely on the value of the consequences of that action, in comparison to the value of the consequences of alternative actions

In: Killing to Prevent Killings?

following paragraphs will provide definitions of these three concepts and explain how they are related to one another. How strongly someone is related (or bound) to oneself in the future is a function of the degrees of psychological connectedness and psychological continuity. A person can be weakly or

In: Planning for the Future

identity, as has been seen. The interest in continuing to live, McMahan argues, is not dependent on the ability to be conscious of oneself as a temporal continuant. Sentience is sufficient (see also chapter 3.4.1). The question which kind of animals fulfill Locke’s definition of a person, and therefore

In: Planning for the Future

rationalen Rechtfertigung von Überzeugungen beziehen. 35 Eine verbindliche Definition der Idee der rationalen Rechtfertigung kann angesichts der Komplexität des damit verbundenen theoretischen Diskurses an dieser Stelle nicht geleistet werden. Dennoch ist es notwendig, ein für den hier relevanten Zweck

In: Die praktische Notwendigkeit des Guten
Author: Johanna Wagner

Definition: Intentionality is the power of minds to be about, to represent, or to stand for, things, properties and states of affairs. (Jacob 2014) Mit dieser Definition ist Intentionalität als eine Fähigkeit des Geistes ( power of minds ) gekennzeichnet, nämlich die Fähigkeit, auf etwas Bezug nehmen

In: Künstliche Intelligenzen als moralisch verantwortliche Akteure?