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Leibniz’s claim that it is possible for us to gain metaphysical knowledge through reflection on the self has intrigued many commentators, but it has also often been criticized as flawed or unintelligible. A similar fate has beset Leibniz’s arguments against materialism. In this paper, I explore one of Leibniz’s lesser-known arguments against materialism from his reply to Bayle’s new note L (1702), and argue that it provides us with an instance of a Leibnizian “argument from reflection”. This argument, I further show, does not constitute a flawed appeal to mere introspection, but is in fact securely grounded in an important corollary of the Principle of Sufficient Reason: Leibniz’s Principle of Intelligibility.

In: History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis
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competence and authenticity; authenticity involves non-alienation upon (historically sensitive, adequate) self-reflection, given one’s diachronic practical identity and one’s position in the world. (Christman 2009, 155) It is evident that Christman’s recent conception relies heavily on this condition of non

In: Pragmatistic Anthropology
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. Minds are modifications of this substance. If there is a form of self-reflection in Spinoza’s philosophy, then it has to start from this basic fact: My thoughts are not mine, in any strongly subjective or Cartesian sense of the word. Subsequently, there are two aspects to every idea: ontological and

In: Artificial Intelligence
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from internal dialogues. In open societies self-reflection and self-criticism is encouraged because this leads to continuous self-reformation. Even though, in the Internet Age, we all increasingly participate in one world culture, this shared culture has many strands. While there are different

In: Liberal Democratic Education: A Paradigm in Crisis
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specialization in topics concerned with or relevant to the Church or Christian religion in general, and (b) the purposes for which the historical studies are pursued, namely as part of the self-reflection of a particular religious community. 14 Similar considerations hold, to give a second example, for biblical

In: Making Scientific Discoveries
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Johann Behrens Ist Medizin eine eigenständige, Grund legende Wissenschaft, und wenn ja, wie viele? ABSTRACT Evidence-based Medicine (EbM) is the ongoing self-reflection of an indi- vidualized approach to medicine in terms of a science that is originating from, and focused on, clinical decision

In: Medizin und Technik
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makes it possible to “realistically” distinguish between our own body and other objects in the world is a space of actions whose existence depends on human subjects of knowledge. Should we not conclude, then, that human knowledge about space is the self-reflection of this space?

In: The Size of Things

the context of Artificial Intelligence, it is rather meant to describe a form of efficiency, i.e. the ability to effectively solve problems given limited knowledge and resources. Whether intelligence actually requires consciousness and self-reflection is one question that remains a matter for debate

In: Artificial Intelligence
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., Baxter, L. C., Wilder, L. S., Pipe, J. G., Heiserman, J. E., & Prigatano, G. P. (2002). Neural correlates of self-reflection. Brain, 125, 1808–1814. Kelley, W. M., Macrae, C. N., Wyland, C. L., Caglar, S., Inati, S., & Heatherton, T. F. (2002). Finding the self? An event-related fMRI study. Journal of

In: Other Minds
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, 1958, S. 673–685. Insel, T. R. und Young, L. J.: The neurobiology of attachment. In: Nature Reviews Neuroscience 2, 2001, S. 129–136. Johnson, S. C., Baxter, L. C., Wilder, L. S., Pipe, J. G., Heiserman, J. E. und Prigatano, G. P.: Neural correlates of self-reflection. In: Brain 125, 2002, S. 1808

In: Gehirne zwischen Liebe und Krieg